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Sir Joshua Reynolds was the chief portrait painter of the English school during the 18th century. Reynolds' style emphasized idealization of the form, and proved very popular among the English gentry and aristocracy. He was a founder of the Royal Academy of Arts and was elected its first president by acclamation in 1768, a position he held until his death. He was granted a knighthood by King George III the same year. He was forced into retirement later in life when he lost sight in his left eye, and died after a short illness in 1792.

The Hound of the Baskervilles[]

Sherlock Holmes, while admiring the portraits of the Baskerville family that are housed in Sir Henry's ancestral home, points to a portrait of a stout gentleman in a wig as being the work of this painter and of very fine quality.

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